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Genus Leiurus (Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1829)

Index of danger
Leiurus genus is composed of:  
Leiurus jordanensis Lourenço, Modry & Amr, 2002 Jordan
Only one specimen known
  • Scorpion of more than 7 brown cm, generally of blackhish color with some spots on the prosoma and the mesosoma. The legs are of color chestnut chocolate being cleared up to become yellow straw on the level of the claws. Blister and the hand of the pedipalps yellow straw.
Leiurus quinquestriatus (Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1829) Egypt, Libya and South of the Tunisia. 31-36 26-29
  • Varying scorpion of size from 7 to 10 cm. Of color straw, with the last segment of the darker tail. Darker Tergites of color. Drawing of a quadrant on the carapace. Thin tail narrowing towards the last rings.

Subspecies of Leiurus :

Leiurus quinquestriatus (Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1829)

  • Leiurus quinquestriatus quinquestriatus (H. and E, 1829): Sudan, Chad, Niger, Somalia.
  • Leiurus quinquestriatus hebraeus (Birula, 1908): The Middle East, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Qatar and Oman.

The Breeding

Note: We formally disadvise to the beginners this family considered for her very toxic venom.



You can maintain this species at a temperature of approximately 30C. The night to go down to 20-22C during the hot season (May at August), For the "cold" season the maximum will be of 25C the day, and 14C for the night, if possible. It is not necessary to impose to him a winter pause with reduction in food.


As it's a scorpion of correct size, you can give locusts pilgrims which will be very appreciated, as well as the adult crickets, cockroaches, scorpions of its species or others. The lizards and the small mammals are very quickly neutralized after injection of its venom and will be used as meal for the month to see even longer. This scorpion pricks with all the blows its prey. For the young scorpions, the micro-crickets will be very well.


A securised terrarium is absolutely obligatory for this kind of scorpion. The opening will be done by the top and not by the front or with dimensions. Like substrate, a mixture of argillaceous ground and sand, as some stones will be beneficial for him. Some hiding-places will be enough, also put in this terrarium, either a piece of cork bark, or a stone so that it digs its burrow below where it will pass the major party of time. The rate of hygroscopy will be very low, 30-35% will be enough. Accustomed to the great drynesses, this scorpions can the water which it needs in its preys, also it is not necessary to leave with residence a feeding trough. However, at the time of the low season, it possible of is slightly humidified part of terrarium (take care to the Mycosis fungoides). As dimension count, at least, 20 X 20 cm for a specimen and 30 X 20 cm for a couple.


Although very territorial, these scorpions can cohabited after a fashion between them, if the surface of terrarium is enough large for that. There will be losses at the beginning even if they are well nourished, and once the formed group, it will be impossible to add another specimen to it. Well on, with a very large terrarium (100 X 45 cm, for example) the cohabitation will occur much better and there will be much less loss. Attention, in the event of under food the cannibalism will be very frequent.


Any handling of this species should be done only in the event of ABSOLUTE need and will ask for the use of a grip of at least 30 cm length. This scorpion is of a great speed as well in displacement as at the time of an attack and does not hesitate to prick in the event of disturbance.

References :

  • Fet, Victor, Sissom, W. David, Lowe, Graeme & Braunwalder, Matt E. CATALOG OF THE SCORPIONS OF THE WORLD, 2000. The New York Entomological Society.
  • Levy G., Amitai P., Fauna Palestina, Arachnida I : Scorpiones. 1980
  • Lourenço W. R., Modry D. & Amr Z., Description of a new species of Leiurus Erhenberg, 1828 (Scorpiones, Buthidae) from the South of Jordan, sept. 2002. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 109 (3): 635-642.
Last update 07/30/2005

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