Genus Scorpio Linné,
Index of danger
is composed of:
maurus Linné, 1758
(Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Mauritania,
Morocco, Tunisia). The Middle
East (Iraq, Iran, Israel,
Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon,
Qatar, Syria, Turkey).
| 9-11 7-11
size ( 5 to 8 cm). It can be
of clear color (straw) or very dark
(blackish chestnut ). Cephalotorax
with two lobes on the front, and
in its mediums a notch not
very marked. Tail shorter than the
body, the first ring is very
squat. Pecten short seldom exceeding
the hips of legs IV. Pincer very
flattened and on board interns
round, short fingers especially
in the male. Outside of the hand
at least partially granulated
and internally smoothes.
differentiate the sexes one will rather
look at the difference in size of the
fingers of the grip, the male having
of Scorpio :
maurus maurus Linné,
1758 : Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia.
maurus arabicus (Pocock,
1900) : Arabic peninsula.
maurus behringsi Shenkel,
1949 : Morocco.
maurus birulai Fet
1997 : Morocco.
maurus fuliginosus (Pallary,
1928) : Morocco.
maurus fuscus (Ehrenberg,
1829) : Morocco (?). Saudi Arabia,
Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon,
Syria, Turkey, Yemen (?).
maurus hesperus Birula,
1910 : Morocco.
maurus kruglovi Birula,
1910 : Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq,
Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, Syria.
maurus legionis Werner,
1932 : Morocco.
maurus mogadorensis Birula,
1910 : Morocco.
maurus occidentalis Werner,
1936 : Mauritania, Senegal.
maurus palmatus (Ehrenberg,
1828) : Algeria, Egypt, Libya,
Sudan. Israel, Jordan.
maurus propinquus (Simon,
1872) : Syria.
maurus punicus Fet,
???? : Algeria, Libya, Morocco,
Tunisia. (New name of Scorpio
maurus tunetanus Birula, 1909).
maurus stemmli Schenkel,
1949 : Morocco.
maurus townsendi (Pocock,
1900) : Iran.
maurus trarasensis Bousisset & Larrouy,
1962 : Algeria.
maurus yemmensis Werner,
1929 : Yemen.
On average a temperature of 26/28° C is enough amply for this species. The summer the temperature can go up until 35°C but it will have a fresh burrow in order to support these heats as well as possible. Winters, to if possible descend the temperature towards 16/18°C.
The mini-crickets are impossible to avoid for him, because of its small pincers, the preys don't exceed 8 milimeters. Also, you can give him yellow mealworms (Tenebrio molitor), small moths ... It very often happens that Scorpio maurus don't touch the preys given for rather long period and that without apparent reason.
One of small size will be enough for him, but it must be high. A large gherkin bottle with a good height of fine sand will be very well. Stones will be welcome, as well as a small feeding trough. Hygroscopy between 50-60%, rather fairly dries, with water spraying of time to other. To humidify the sand so that the scorpion can dig a gallery there, insert a plastic tube, until the bottom of the terrarium and pour delicately water by this tube. The conditions that this kind of scorpion finds in nature are reproduisibles with much difficulty in terrarium, as it very often arrives as the specimens in breeding don't survive a long time.
Rapid and sharp, this scorpion is of a very average sociability. If you intend to put a couple together, envisage a rather large terrarium so that each one has its territory, if not…
Although rather of small size, Scorpio maurus have a very painful puncture! Thus take long a enough grip for you to seize somes.
Victor, Sissom, W. David, Lowe, Graeme & Braunwalder, Matt E. CATALOG OF THE SCORPIONS OF THE WORLD, 2000. The New York Entomological Society.
- Rein, Jan Ove , The Scorpion Files
- Vachon, Maxime, ETUDES SUR LES SCORPIONS, 1951. Institut Pasteur d'Algerie.